Last Update: 22-05-07



سيڪشن؛  لوڪ ادب

ڪتاب: جانورن ۽ پکين جون آکاڻيون

Dr: N.B Baloch Preface

لوڪ ڪهاڻيون (6) جانورن ۽ پکين جون آکاڻيون

ڊاڪٽر نبي بخش خان بلوچ



This is the twenty-sixth book complied under the Sindhi Adabi Board's Folklore and Literature Project. In 1956, the Board had approved this Five-Year Research. Project (1957-61) for the collection, compilation and publication of Sindhi Folklore and literature. The work was stared in January 1957, and the first two years were devoted mainly to the collection of material. The compilation and publication work commenced form 1959.

The material for the project has been collected both from the oral tradition of the village folk and the written record. The oral traditon was reduced to writing thorough a network of the fileldworkers, one stationed in each “taluka” area.

The project aims at publishing representative works pertaining to the following selected segments of sindhi folklore and literature: (a) Fables and Fairy Tales, (b) Pseudo-historical Romances, (c) Tales of historical nature, (d) Folk-poetry, (e) Folk-songs, (f) Marriage songs, (g) Poems pertaining to wars and other events, (h) Riddles, (i) Proverbs, (j) Wit  and humour and (k) Folk Customs and Superstitions.

The scheme has been deliberately named as “Folkore and Literature Project”. At the present stage, a considerable body of  verse is current through oral tradition among the village folk with which the educated and the intellectuals are not familiar. All this material is 'folklore' in the sense that it is popular and is preserved with the village folk: yet, a considerable part of it is 'standard literature', and will be recognized as such after it is published.

Of the seven volumes planned under the project to incorporate different varieties of folk-tales, legends and other stories, this is the sixth volume pertaining to what may be called 'the tales of beasts, birds and animals'.


A broad division of the Sindhi folk-tales into 'classical'and 'popular' may be made for the sake of convenience. The first three volumes of this series included tales, mostly of the 'classical type'. Some of the significant features of the 'classical type', e.g. the nature of the plot, fulfilment of the 'conditions' by the hero and the typical characters, were briefly described in the 'Preface' to the First Volume (published in December 1960). The Fifth Volume included mainly the short popular tales for the young, in which figure the everyday human characters, instead of demons, fairies,genii, witches and sorcerers which dominate the 'classical type' .


In this volume are included tales of beasts, birds and animals . Most of these are simple nursery tales for children with an entertainment or moral appeal. Among the animals, the jackal is the most popular one and figures prominently in as many an 27 tales. The lion and the fox come next. If the lion is the king, the jackal is the politician among the animals. He tries to contrive and succeed; and even when hard-pressed he wriggles out of the apparently difficult situations.

Among the birds, the crow is more popular and figures prominently in five tales. He is the cleverest of all the birds but as the  proverb goes “The wise crow is often caught by both of its legs”. The sparrow and the jay figure next to the crow.

Besides animals and birds, such other creatures as the mouse, the ant, the louse, the nit, the cobra and the hedge-hog also figure in this collection of tales.[1]

Of the 66 tales included in this volume,2 39 pertain to beasts and animals, 20 to birds and 6 to other creatures. One tale is about a little boy and little girls,3 which belongs to the category of tales compiled under Vol, V and has been retained as a symbolic link between this and the previous volume.


Two hundred and thirty (230) Sindhi folk-tales have been brought to light through the first five volumes of this series. With the publication of this sixth volume, a total of 296 tales would have been laid under contribution.


Thanks are due to Syed Ikram Ali, Principal ,Model School ,Institute of Education, University of Sindh, who assisted in seeing through the final proofs of the English pages of this preface.







N.A Baloch











1.  Jackal, the Killer of Lions(pp. 1-6)

2. Jackal, the King (pp.7-8)

3. The Wise She-Jackal (pp.9-10)

4. The Cunning Jackal (pp.11-12)

5. The Jackal and the Farmer (pp.13-14)

6. The Jackal and the Mawali (hashish drinker) (pp.15-20)

7. The jackal and  the Old Woman (pp.21-22)

8. The Farmer and the Lion (pp.23-26)

9. The 'Tikar' (pp.27-29)

10. The Jackal and Reindeer, the Rabbit and the Leopard (pp. 30-32)

11. The Rabbit , the Lion and the Fox (pp. 33-35)

12. The Jackal and the Lion (pp.36-38)

13. The Jackal and the lioness (pp. 39-42)

14. The Jackal, the Wolf and the Camel (pp. 43-45)

15. The Jackal and the Dead Camel (pp. 46-47)

16. The Jackal and the Rabbit (pp. 48-49)

17. The jackal, the Crow, the Pigeon and the Chandul bird (p. 50)

18. The Jackal and Friends (pp. 51-54)

19. The Jackal and the Dogs (pp. 55-56)

20. The Jackal and the Lamb (pp. 57-59)

21. The Jackal and the Ewe (p. 60)

22. The Jackal and the Crocodile (pp. 61-65)

23. The Jackal and the Cock (pp. 66-69)

24. The Jackal and the Partridge (pp. 70-71)

25. The Jackal and Sparrow (pp. 72-73)

26. The Jackal and Witness (pp. 74-76)

27. The Jackal is Chased on a Plain (p. 77)

28. The Lion and the Calf (pp. 78-79)

29. The Cock, the Calf, the Lamb and the Camel (pp. 80-82)

30. The Cock and the Dog (pp. 83-84)

31. The Jackal and the Monkey (pp. 85-88)

32. The Female Deer and Her Young Ones (pp. 89-91)

33. The She-deer and the Crododile (pp. 92-94)

34. The goat and the Fox (pp. 95-96)

35. The He Blue-Ox and the She Blue-Ox (pp. 97-98)

36. The Wise Kid (pp. 99-102)

37. The Bald Kid (pp. 103-104)

38. The Frog and the Camel (p. 105)

39. The Young She-buffalo (pp. 106-108)

40. The Parrot and the Tortoise (pp. 109-110)

41. The Crane and Its grand-Mother (pp. 111-113)

42. The Stork and Its Wife (pp.114-115)

43. The Crow and the Lali Bird (pp.116-118)

44. The Crow and the Jay (pp.119-121)

45. The Crow and the Jay (p. 122)

46. The Jay and the Crow (pp. 123-124)

47. The Ring-dove and the Crow (pp. 125-129)

48. The Crow and the Sparrow (pp.130-133)

49.The King and the Jay (p. 134)

50. The Sparrow and the Jay (pp.135-139)

51. The Sparrow and the  Little Rat (pp.140-141)

52. The Little Mouse and Sparrow (pp. 142-143)

53. The She-sparrow and the He-sparrow (pp. 144-145)

54. The Herrho bird and the Meetiro bird (p. 146)

55. The Sparrow and the Phusirri bird (p. 147)

56. The Death of Manu Moosirro bird (pp. 148-150)

57.  The Sons of She-Sparrow (pp. 151-152)

58. The Little Fat Boy and the Little Fat girl (pp.153-154)

59. The 'Phido' and the 'Phidi'(birds, male and female) (pp. 155-156)

60. The Milk-King and the Milchy Animals (pp. 157-159)

61. The Clever Mouse (pp.160-162)

62. The  Louse and the Ant (pp. 163-164)

63. The Louse and the Nit (pp. 165-166)

64. The Cobra and the Jogi (p. 167)

65. The gandan Fish gets Bones (p. 168)

66. The Hedge-Hog gets Thorns. (p. 169)



[1].Tales Nos. 61 to 66.

2 .These were selected out of a collection of about 150. For captions see Contains.

3. No.58 (The Fat Little Boy and  the Fat Little girl), pp


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Preface: Dr. Nabi Bux Baloch  - -   مهاڳ؛ ڊاڪٽر نبي بخش خان   - - مقدمو؛ ڊاڪٽر نبي بخش خان بلوچ
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